An Investigation of Rotavirus Frequency in Childhood Gastroenteritis
Introduction: Rotavirus is the most common viral pathogen in childhood gastroenteritis worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of rotavirus in children with diarrhoea in Karabuk province and to investigate their relationship with age, gender and season.
Materials and Methods: Stool rotavirus antigen results of 0-12 years old children with diarrhoea who admitted to Karabuk University Educational and Training Hospital between January 2016 and December 2016 were examined retrospectively. The presence of rotavirus antigen in stool samples were detected by using immunochromatographic method. Distribution of rotavirus infections according to age, gender and seasons were investigated.
Results: Rotavirus antigen was detected in 195 (6.7%) of 2879 stool samples. The frequency of rotavirus was determined similar in both genders. Rotavirus seropositivity was highest among children aged 25-60 months. Rotavirus infection was most commonly observed during spring season (11.8%).
Discussion and Conclusion: In our region, rotavirus should be considered as a cause of gastroenteritis in children under five years of age in the spring season. Rapid detection of rotavirus in stool samples is crucial. Early diagnosis of rotavirus infection will prevent unnecessary antibiotic consumption. So, it will contribute to policies regarding rational antibiotic usage. Therefore, it is advisable to perform rotavirus antigen test in primary health care facilities for the diagnosis of gastroenteritis routinely.